The Paediatric Surgeon is responsible for treating most surgical problems in children and new born babies. Some of these problems are also treated by the Urologist, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Neurosurgeon, or Plastic Surgeon. But the Paediatric Surgeon is primarily involved in most surgical problems affecting the newborn baby or young children.
Children born with birth defects such as cleft lip or cleft palate, ectopia vesicae, anorectal anomalies (imperforate anus), oesophageal atresia and other congenial anomalies involving the alimentary tract, will require the services of the Paediatric Surgeon. Birth defects involving the heart, alimentary tract, reproductive system and urinary tract are very common.
In older children, tumours or cancers involving the kidney (Wilm’s tumour) or other organs begin to show up.
All surgical problems in children can be taken care of by the Paediatric Surgeon. The Paediatric Surgeon, however, shares some of these areas with the Orthopaedic Surgeon (talipes or club foot), the Urologist (hernias, genito-urinary defects or problems), the Cardiothoracic Surgeon (heart defects), the Neurosurgeon (defects involving the brain or spinal cord) and the Plastic Surgeon (musculo-skeletal defects requiring changing the appearance or functionality of an organ).