Urology
Urology also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. Organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis).

The problems we see in Urology include:

Erectile dysfunction Urinary (bladder) or kidney stones Prostate problems like prostate enlargement that comes with age, prostatitis, and prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.

Endoscopic or laser surgery for prostate enlargement or cancer causing bladder outlet obstruction is the commest surgical procedure done in Carez Clinic.

Male infertility. In vitro fertilization does not treat infertility, it only bypasses the problem. As much as possible, couples would prefer to have the problem completely solved and have their children naturally. About half of all infertility problems result from male problems, and in most of those cases the problem is low sperm count. The commonest cause of low sperm count is varicocoeles, which can be treated by urologic surgery.

Urogenital tumors such as cancer of the scrotum or penis Urinary tract infections
Sexually transmitted diseases and subsequent complications Urinary leakage or incontinence e.g. following vesico-vaginal fistulas in some women after childbirth
Congenital genital defects, for example as seen in hermaphrodites, hypospadias, and epispadias
Congenital hernias
Urogenital trauma
e.g. following motorcycle or bicycle accidents